Faculty and Researchers

The Heller School for Social Policy and ManagementReturn to this website's homepageBrandeis University

Senior Scientist and Lecturer

reif@brandeis.edu  •  Heller-Brown Building  • 259  •  781-736-3924

Expertise

Health services research, with a focus on substance use disorders and other behavioral health.

Courses

  • HS 414f - Ethical Issues in Social Science Research
  • HS 586a - Issues in Substance Abuse Treatment
  • HS 605c - Behavioral Health Doctoral Seminar
  • HSSP 115b - Perspectives on Behavioral Health: Alcohol, Drugs, and Mental Health

Scholarship

  • Quinn, A.E.; Reif, Sharon; Merrick, E.L.; Horgan; C.M.; Garnick, D.W.; Stewart, M.T.. "How do private health plans manage specialty behavioral health treatment entry and continuing care?." Psychiatric Services (2017). (forthcoming)
  • Reif, Sharon; Acevedo, A.; Garnick, D.W.; Fullerton, C.A.. "Postdischarge follow-up services for individuals with substance use disorders: Influence on inpatient readmissions." Psychiatric Services (2017). (forthcoming)
  • Reif, Sharon; Creedon, T.B.; Horgan, C.M.; Stewart, M.T.; Garnick, D.W.. "Commercial health plan coverage of treatment for selected opioid use disorders from 2003 to 2014." Journal of Psychoactive Drugs (2017). (forthcoming)
  • Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Merrick EL, Hodgkin S, Reif, Sharon, Quinn AE, Stewart MT, Creedon TB. "Private health plans' contracts with managed behavioral healthcare organizations." Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research 44. 1 (2017): 149-157.
  • Quinn, A.E.; Reif, Sharon; Evans, B.; Creedon, T.B.; Stewart, M.T.; Garnick, D.W.; Horgan, C.. "Health plan HIT strategies to improve behavioral health care." American Journal of Managed Care 22. 12 (2017): 810-815.
  • Horgan CM, Hodgkin D, Stewart MT, Quinn AE, Merrick EM, Reif, Sharon, Garnick DW. "Health plans' early response to federal parity legislation for mental health and addiction services." Psychiatric Services 67. (2016): 162-168.
  • Horgan CM, Stewart MT, Reif, Sharon, Garnick DW, Hodgkin D, Quinn AE. "Behavioral health services in the changing landscape of private health plans." Psychiatric Services 67. (2016): 622-629.
  • Reif, Sharon, Horgan CM, Kreiner P, Nikitin R. Behavioral health organizations current and future approaches to addressing the U.S. opioid crisis. Association for Behavioral Health and Wellness: 2016.
  • Reif, Sharon; Horgan CM; Hodgkin D; Matteucci A; Creedon T; Stewart MT.. "Access to addiction pharmacotherapy in private health plans.." Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 66. (2016): 23-29.
  • Reif, Sharon; George P; Braude L; Dougherty RH; Daniels AS; Ghose SS; Delphin-Rittmon M.. "Peer recovery support services for substance use disorders: Assessing the evidence." Psychiatric Services 65. 7 (2015): 853-861.
  • Reif, Sharon; George, Preethy; Braude, Lisa; Dougherty, Richard H; Daniels, Allen S; Ghose SS, Delphin-Rittmon Miriam. "Residential treatment for substance use disorders: Assessing the evidence." Psychiatric Services 65. 3 (2014): 301-312.
  • Reif, Sharon; George, Preethy; Braude, Lisa; Dougherty, Richard H; Daniels, Allen S; Ghose SS; Delphin-Rittmon, Miriam. "Recovery housing: Assessing the evidence." Psychiatric Services 65. 3 (2014): 295-300.
  • McLellan, Deborah L.; Hodgkin, Dominic; Reif, Sharon; Fagan, Pebbles; Horgan, Constance M.. "Unintended consequences of cigarette prices on alcohol drinking behaviors across age groups." Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 7. (2012): 28.
  • Merrick, Elizabeth L.; Reif, Sharon; Hiatt, Deirdre; Hodgkin, Dominic; Horgan, Constance M.; Ritter, Grant. "Substance abuse treatment client experience in a privately insured population: perspectives from treatment entry through work-related outcomes." Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy 7. (2012): 4.
  • Reif, Sharon; Torres, Maria; Horgan, Constance M; Merrick, Elizabeth L. "Clinician characteristics in a private managed behavioral health plan." BMC Health Services Research 12. (2012): 283.
  • Strickler, Gail K.; Reif, Sharon; Horgan, Constance M.. "The relationship between substance abuse performance measures and mutual help group aftercare." Alcoholism Treament Quarterly 30. (2012): 190-210.
  • Strickler, Gail K.; Reif, Sharon; Merrick, Elizabeth L.; Horgan, Constance M.; Hiatt, Deirdre. "Substance abuse treatment preferences in an employed population." Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health 27. (2012): 117-125.
  • Daley M, Shepard DS, Tompkins CP, Dunigan R, Reif S, Perloff J, Siembab L, Horgan CM. "Randomized trial of enhanced profiling in substance abuse treatment." Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 38. 2 (2011): 96-104.
  • Reif, Sharon; Horgan, C.M.; Garnick, D.W.; McLellan, D.L.. "Systems-level smoking cessation activities by private health plans." Preventing Chronic Disease 8. 1 (2011): http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2011/jan/09_0236.htm.
  • Reif, Sharon; Larson, Mary Jo; Cheng, Debbie; Allensworth-Davies, Don; Samet, Jeffrey; Saitz, Rich. "Chronic disease and recent addiction treatment utilization among alcohol and drug dependent adults." Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy 6. (2011): 28.
  • Reif, Sharon; Ritter, G.A.; Horgan, C.M.. "Treatment services: Triangulation of methods when there is no gold standard." Substance Use & Misuse 46. 5 (2011): 620-632.
  • Daley M, Shepard DS, Reif S, Dunigan R, Tompkins CP, Perloff J, Siembab L, Horgan CM. ". Evaluation of provider profiling in the public sector." . Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 28. 4 (2010): 376-390.
  • Merrick, E. L.; Hodgkin, D.; Hiatt, D.; Horgan, C. M.; Azzone, V.; McCann, B.; Ritter, G.; Zolotusky, G.; McGuire, T. G.; Reif, S.. "Patterns of service use in two types of managed behavioral health care plans." Psychiatric Services 61. 1 (2010): 86-89.
  • Merrick, E. S.; Hodgkin, D.; Horgan, C. M.; Hiatt, D.; McCann, B.; Azzone, V.; Zolotusky, G.; Ritter, G.; Reif, S.; McGuire, T. G.. "Integrated employee assistance program/managed behavioral health care benefits: relationship with access and client characteristics." Administration and Policy in Mental Health 36. 6 (2010): 416-423.
  • Merrick, Elizabeth; Reif, Sharon. "Services in an Era of Managed Care." A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health. Ed. Levin, B.L.; Becker, M.A.. New York: Springer, 2010. 201-227.
  • Reif S, Horgan CM, Torres M, Merrick EL. "Types of practitioners and outpatient visits in a private managed behavioral health plan." Psychiatric Services 61. 11 (2010): 1066-1068.
  • Wallack, S. S., Thomas, C. P., Martin, T. C., Chilingerian, J., Reif, S.. "Substance Abuse Treatment Organizations as Mediators of Social Policy: Slowing the Adoption of a Congressionally Approved Medication." J Behav Health Serv Res 37. 1 (2010): 64-78.
  • Merrick, E. L., Horgan, C. M., Garnick, D. W., Reif, S., Stewart, M. T.. "Accessing Specialty Behavioral Health Treatment in Private Health Plans." J Behav Health Serv Res 36. 4 (2009): 420-435.
  • Garnick, D. W., Horgan, C. M., Reif, S., Merrick, E. L., Hodgkin, D.. "Management of behavioral health provider networks in private health plans." J Ambul Care Manage 31. 4 (2008): 330-41.
  • Horgan, C. M., Reif, S., Hodgkin, D., Garnick, D. W., Merrick, E. L.. "Availability of addiction medications in private health plans." J Subst Abuse Treat 34. 2 (2008): 147-156.
  • Reif, Sharon; Horgan, Constance M.; Ritter, Grant A.. "Hispanics in specialty treatment for substance use disorders." Journal of Drug Issues 38. 1 (2008): 311-334.
  • Thomas, C. P., Reif, S., Haq, S., Wallack, S. S., Hoyt, A., Ritter, G. A.. "Use of buprenorphine for addiction treatment: perspectives of addiction specialists and general psychiatrists." Psychiatr Serv 59. 8 (2008): 909-16.
  • Angarita, G.A., Reif, S., Pirard, S., Lee, S., Sharon, E., Gastfriend, D.R. . "No-show for treatment in substance abuse patients with comorbid symptomatology: Validity results from a controlled trial of the ASAM Patient Placement Criteria." Journal of Addiction Medicine 1. 2 (2007): 79-87.
  • Horgan, C.M., Merrick, E., Reif, S., Stewart, M.. "Data Point: Internet-based Behavioral Health Services in Health Plans." Psychiatric Services 58. 3 (2007): 307.
  • Reif, S., Thomas, C.P., Wallack, Stanley S.. "Factors determining how early adopter physicians use buprenorphine in treatment." Journal of Addiction Medicine 1. 4 (2007): 205-212.
  • Ritter, G., Reif, S., Gadzuk, A., Krenzke, T., Mohadjer, L., Lee, M.T., Horgan, C.M.. "Incentive Effects on Cooperation Rates and Sample Composition in the Alcohol and Drug Services Study." Journal of Economic and Social Measurement 30. 2-3 (2005): 171-189.
  • Lee, Margaret T., Reif, Sharon, Ritter, Grant A., Levine, Helen J., Horgan, Constance M.. Alcohol and Drug Services Study Phase II: Client Record Abstract Report. SAMHSA. Rockville, MD: 2004.
  • Reif, S.. "The most critical unresolved issue associated with contemporary vocational rehabilitation of substance users." Substance Use & Misuse 39. 13&14 (2004): 2629-2630.
  • Reif, Sharon, Horgan, Constance M., Ritter, Grant A., Tompkins, Christopher P.. "The impact of employment counseling on substance user treatment participation and outcomes." Substance Use & Misuse 39. 13&14 (2004): 2391-2424.
  • Shepard, D.S., Reif, S.. "The Value of Vocational Rehabilitation in Substance Abuse Treatment: A Cost-Effectiveness Framework." Substance Use & Misuse 39. 13 &14 (2004): 2581-2609.
  • Shepard, Donald S., Reif, Sharon. "The value of vocational rehabilitation in substance abuse treatment: A cost-effectiveness framework." Substance Use & Misuse 39. 13&14 (2004): 2581-2609.
  • Gastfriend, D.R., Reif, S., Baker, S.L., Najavits, L.M.. "Assessment (2003)." Principles of Addiction Medicine. 3rd ed. Ed. Graham, A.W., Schultz, T.K., Mayo-Smith, M.F., Ries, R.K., Wilford, B.B.. Chevy Chase, MD: American Society of Addiction Medicine, 2003. 373-382.
  • Gastfriend, D.R., Reif, S., Baker, S.L., Najavits, L.M.. "Assessment." Principles of Addiction Medicine, 3rd edition. Ed. Graham, Schultz, Mayo-Smith, Ries, Wilford. Washington, D.C.: American Society of Addiction Medicine, 2003. 373-382.
  • Lee, M.T., Reif, S., Ritter, G., Levine, H.J., Marsden, M.E., Horgan, C.M.. Treatment Services and Staffing. In: Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing (online only). prepared by the Schneider Institute for Health Policy - ADSS Phase I Report Series. Rockville, MD: 2003.
  • Lee, Margaret T., Reif, Sharon, Ritter, Grant A., Levine, Helen J., Marsden, Mary Ellen, Horgan, Constance M.. "Treatment Services and Staffing." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSorg.pdf, 2003
  • Lee, Margaret T., Reif, Sharon, Ritter, Grant A., Levine, Helen J., Marsden, Mary Ellen, Horgan, Constance M.. "Treatment Services and Staffing." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSorg.pdf, 2003
  • Levine, H. J., Turner, W., Reif, S., Janas, D., Gastfriend, D. R.. "Determining service variations between and within ASAM levels of care." J Addict Dis 22 Suppl 1. (2003): 9-25.
  • Levine, H. J., Turner, W., Reif, S., Janas, D., Gastfriend, D. R.. "Determining service variations between and within ASAM levels of care." J Addict Dis 22 Suppl 1. (2003): 9-25.
  • Levine, H.J., Reif, S., Ritter, G., Lee, M.T., Marsden, M.E., Horgan, C.M.. Organizational Characteristics of Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities. In: Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing.. Schneider Institute for Health Policy, Heller School, Brandeis University. Waltham, MA: 2003.
  • Levine, H.J., Ritter, G., Krenske, T., Legum, S.E., Carusi, C., Mohadjer, L., Reif, S., Lee, M.T., Horgan, C.M.. Phase II Methodology - Facility Administrator Interview and Client Record Abstraction. In: Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS) Methodology Report: Phases I, II and III (online only). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Rockville, MD: 2003.
  • Levine, Helen J., Grant A. Ritter, Thomas Krenzke, Stanley E. Legum, Charles Carusi, Leyla Mohadjer, Sharon Reif, Margaret T. Lee, Constance M. Horgan. "Phase II Methodology Facility Administrator Interview and Client Record Abstraction." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS) Methodology Report: Phases I, II and III. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSmethods.pdf, 2003
  • Levine, Helen J., Grant A. Ritter, Thomas Krenzke, Stanley E. Legum, Charles Carusi, Leyla Mohadjer, Sharon Reif, Margaret T. Lee, Constance M. Horgan. "Phase II Methodology Facility Administrator Interview and Client Record Abstraction." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS) Methodology Report: Phases I, II and III. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSmethods.pdf, 2003
  • Levine, Helen J., Reif, Sharon, Ritter, Grant A., Lee, Margaret T., Marsden, Mary Ellen, Horgan, Constance. "Organizational characteristics of substance abuse treatment facilities." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSorg.pdf, 2003
  • Levine, Helen J., Reif, Sharon, Ritter, Grant A., Lee, Margaret T., Marsden, Mary Ellen, Horgan, Constance. "Organizational characteristics of substance abuse treatment facilities." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSorg.pdf, 2003
  • Marsden, M.E., Reif, S., Pieroni, M., Levine, H.J., Lee, M.T., Ritter, G., Horgan, C.M.. Client Populations in Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities. In: Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing (online only). Schneider Instititute for Health Policy, Heller School, Brandeis University. Waltham, MA: 2003.
  • Marsden, Mary Ellen, Reif, Sharon, Pieroni, Maria, Levine, Helen J., Lee, Margaret T., Ritter, Grant A., Horgan, Constance M.. "Client populations in substance abuse treatment facilities." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSorg.pdf, 2003
  • Marsden, Mary Ellen, Reif, Sharon, Pieroni, Maria, Levine, Helen J., Lee, Margaret T., Ritter, Grant A., Horgan, Constance M.. "Client populations in substance abuse treatment facilities." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): The National Substance Abuse Treatment System: Facilities, Clients, Services, and Staffing. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSorg.pdf, 2003
  • Ritter, G., Carusi, C., Krenzke, T., Legum, S.E., Mohadjer, L., Reif, S., Lee, M.T., Horgan, C.M.. Phase III Methodology - Client Follow-Up Study. In: Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): Methodology Report: Phases I, II, and III (online only). U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Rockville, MD: 2003.
  • Ritter, G., Levine, H.J., Mohadjer, L., Krenzke, T., Lee, M.T., Reif, S., Horgan, C.M.. Phase I Methodology - ADSS Facility Survey. In: Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): Methodology Report: Phases I, II, and III (online only). U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Rockville MD: 2003.
  • Ritter, Grant A., Carusi, Charles, Krenzke, Thomas, Legum, Stanley E., Mohadjer, Leyla, Reif, Sharon, Lee, Margaret T., Horgan, Constance M.. "Phase III Methodology¿Client Follow-Up Study." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): Methodology Report: Phases I, II, and III. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSmethods.pdf, 2003
  • Ritter, Grant A., Carusi, Charles, Krenzke, Thomas, Legum, Stanley E., Mohadjer, Leyla, Reif, Sharon, Lee, Margaret T., Horgan, Constance M.. "Phase III Methodology¿Client Follow-Up Study." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): Methodology Report: Phases I, II, and III. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Available online: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/ADSS/ADSSmethods.pdf, 2003
  • Ritter, Grant A., Levine, Helen J., Mohadjer, Leyla, Krenzke, Thomas, Lee, Margaret T., Reif, Sharon, Horgan, Constance M.. "Phase I Methodology¿ADSS Facility Survey." Alcohol and Drug Services Study (ADSS): Methodology Report: Phases I, II, and III. SAMHSA, 2003
  • Horgan, Constance M., Reif, Sharon, Ritter, Grant A., Lee, Margaret T.. "Organizational and financial issues in the delivery of substance abuse treatment services." Recent Developments in Alcoholism, Vol. 15: Services Research in the Era of Managed Care. Ed. Galanter, M.. New York: Plenum Publishing, 2001. 9-26.
  • Lee, Margaret T., Reif, Sharon, Ritter, Grant A., Levine, Helen J., Horgan, Constance M.. "Access to services in the substance abuse treatment system: Variations by facility characteristics." Recent Developments in Alcoholism, Vol. 15: Services Research in the Era of Managed Care. Ed. Galanter, Marc. New York: Plenum Publishing, 2001. 137-156.
  • Turner, Winston M., Turner, Kingsley H., Reif, Sharon, Gutowski, William E., Gastfriend, David R.. "Feasibility of multidimensional substance abuse treatment matching: Automating the ASAM Patient Placement Criteria." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 55. (1999): 35-43.
  • Najavits, L. M., Gastfriend, D. R., Barber, J. P., Reif, S., Muenz, L. R., Blaine, J., Frank, A., Crits-Christoph, P., Thase, M., Weiss, R. D.. "Cocaine dependence with and without PTSD among subjects in the National Institute on Drug Abuse Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study." Am J Psychiatry 155. 2 (1998): 214-9.
  • Najavits, L. M., Weiss, R. D., Reif, S., Gastfriend, D. R., Siqueland, L., Barber, J. P., Butler, S. F., Thase, M., Blaine, J.. "The Addiction Severity Index as a screen for trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder." J Stud Alcohol 59. 1 (1998): 56-62.
  • Gastfriend, David R., Mendelson, Jack H., Mello, Nancy K., Teoh, Siew K., Reif, Sharon. "Buprenorphine pharmacotherapy for concurrent heroin and cocaine dependence." American Journal on Addictions 2. 4 (1993): 269-278.
Sharon  Reif's picture

Profile

Sharon Reif, Ph.D., is a Senior Scientist at the Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Deputy Director of its Institute for Behavioral Health, and Associate Director of its National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) doctoral training program. Dr. Reif has over 20 years of experience conducting health services research. She has over 20 years of experience conducting health services research using survey, interview and quantitative methods and secondary data analysis, to address treatment and quality issues for people with substance use disorders (SUDs) and to better understand the SUD treatment system, its organization, workforce, service delivery, financing, quality and access to care. Dr. Reif has been PI or co-investigator on numerous health services research studies, including medications for treating addiction, treatment of opioid use disorders, implementation of SBIRT in a community organization serving low-income young adults, the role of incentives in driving quality, the impact of health reform and parity on behavioral health service delivery, quality of care, clinician characteristics, behavioral health services within private health plans, and financing and access to care. Her work has included collaborations with community organizations, communities more broadly and states, as well as use of national datasets. She has prepared a white paper on the opioid crisis and published systematic reviews in the areas of peer support, residential treatment, and housing for people with SUDs. Her research interests extend to wellness and to the intersection of chronic medical problems, including pain, with alcohol and drug use and misuse. She is a member of the advisory panel for the National Addiction Technology Transfer Center (N-ATTC) on SBIRT and is the Deputy Director for the NIDA-funded Brandeis/Harvard Center to Improve Systems Performance of Substance Use Disorder Treatment, a national center for excellence. Dr. Reif teaches Perspectives on Behavioral Health in the HSSP undergraduate program and Research Ethics in the Heller PhD program. Dr. Reif has a Ph.D. in social policy from the Heller School, where she was also the recipient of a training grant in alcohol health services research from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

 

Degrees

Brandeis University
Ph.D.

Brandeis University
M.A.

Grinnell College
B.A.

Awards and Honors

  • NIAAA Doctoral Training Grant (1996 - 1999)

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